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By Nick Halsey
The Three Primary Types of Wind Turbine, Animated as if in Operation (small)
The three primary types of wind turbine, the Savonius VAWT, the Modern HAWT, and the Darrieus VAWT, are animated as if in operation. I first created this model in Geometry Expressions two years ago and after sharing it on Wikipedia it became quite popular and has been reused in many places. I decided to create an updated version, which features a cleaner appearance overall and adds some coloring to help distinguish between the blades of the Savonius model, as well as to make the HAWT better resemble real turbines. Please note that this version is not in the public domain, unlike the original, however it can be reused per the Creative Commons Attribution No-Commercial No-Derivs license, in accordance with Euclid’s Muse policy.

Tags: Wind-Turbine, HAWT, VAWT, types, real-world, animation

By Nick Halsey
Squeezing Twisted Savonius Wind Turbine Model
This model demonstrates that the surface of the Twisted Savonius wind turbine's blades are geometrically squeezed as the twist angle is increased and the parametric position is moved up and down the turbine. Learn more about the squeeze. Learn more about the Geometry of the Twisted Savonius Wind Turbine project. Note: the calculated radius in this particular example cannot be accurate because the model is a 2d geometric approximation of the real 3d shape. Accurate calculations are made from the top view model, which is visually more difficult to comprehend. The calculation here still varies accurately as the twist angle is changed and the position is moved up and down the turbine, but it also varies as the rotation is changed (which shouldn't happen).

Tags: Twisted-Savonius, Wind-Turbine, Pseudo-3d, Model, Squeeze, Geometric, Real-World, Ellipses, Arcs, Loci, Parametric/Proportional

By Nick Halsey
Twisted Savonius Wind Turbine Full Geometric Model (without traces/surfaces)
The Twisted Savonius Wind Turbine has promising applications for rooftop usage, but its high cost has kept it unfeasible for widespread adoption. The Twisted Savonius Geometric Modeling project explored the geometric properties of the turbine's shape, and proposed a more efficient method of construction and geometric design as a result. This is the complete side view "3d" model of the turbine. It models an extremely 3-dimensional shape by using ellipses to represent tilted circles. Changing X changes the rotation of the turbine (in operation). Theta represents the twist angle between the top and the bottom of the turbine. T controls the parametric location of the vertical surface - tracing it "fills in" the blade's surface. Learn more about this side view model. Visit the Geometry of the Twisted Savonius Wind Turbine website.

Tags: Twisted-Savonius, Wind-Turbine, Pseudo-3d, Model, Geometric, Real-World, Ellipses, Arcs, Loci

By admin
Circle Proof
This is the first app ever on Euclid’s Muse! It provides a draggable diagram to help illustrate a mathematical proof. This proof was discovered when modeling the Twisted Savonius style wind turbine from a top view. The full proof can be found here.

Tags: Proof, circles, draggable, real-world, savonius

By Nick Halsey
Geometric Top View Model of the Twisted Savonius Wind Turbine (Interactive)
This app models the top view of the Twisted Savonius Vertical Axis Wind Turbine (VAWT). The various inputs and draggable points allow you to see how the model can trace the blades' surfaces. You can also control the twist angle, radius, and rotation - which makes the whole thing spin! Learn more about the Twisted Savonius Modeling Project here.

Tags: Twisted-Savonius, Top-View, Model, Geometric, Real-World, Circles, Arcs, Loci

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