Euclid's Muse

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Search Results for “fermat-point”

By Irina Lyublinskaya
Exploring Rolle's Theorem
Explore conditions of the Rolle's Theorem. The applet shows the graph of continuous differentiable function f(x) on a closed interval  [a, b]. Case 1.  f(x) < f(a) for some x inside the interval (a, b). Can you find the number c such that f'(c)=0? What did you notice about the point when f'(c)=0? Case 2.  f(x) > f(a) for some x inside the interval (a, b). Can you find the number  c such that f'(c)=0? What did you notice about the point when f'(c)=0? Can a given function have more than one number on a given interval such that f'(c)=0?

Tags: Calclulus

By Nick Halsey
Epic Circle Trace
A line passes intersects a circle at two points. Each point is located proportionally around the circle in terms of a given function of t. The path of the line’s movement is traced as t varies. Try changing/animating t. Can you figure out how each point is constrained, in terms of t? Look at the gx source file for the answer. Hint: look at the period of the movement, and how it changes as t changes.

Tags: Trace, puzzler, circle, proportional-points, functions

By Andrew Zhao
Euclids Elements – Book 3 – Proposition 08
This proposition proves that line AD is longest, ED is shorter, FD is shorter than ED, and CD is even shorter.and that for any line there is only one other line with a point on the circle and a point at D that is equal. (Unless you drag it to somewhere it's not supposed to be) I like it because it’s colorful.

Tags: Euclid, Elements, Geometry, Triangle

By Nick Halsey
Chord Angle Theorem
The chord angle theorem states that in an inscribed triangle (ABC) where A is the center of the circle and BC is a chord, and BDC is an inscribed triangle on the same chord, angle BDC must equal one half of angle BAC. Try changing the angle and moving point D and observe the theorem’s truth. Note: the measure of angle BDC is being constantly recalculated as point D is dragged, but it doesn't change because of this theorem.

Tags: Chord, Angle, Theorem, Circle, Draggable, Proof

By Phil Todd
Parabola Property
The triangle containing the normal and tangent at a point on a parabola sits inside a semicircle centered at the parabola's focus.


By Nick Halsey
Simple Similar Triangles
Drag points A, B, and C to change the size and shape of the blue triangle, and its white counterpart that is similar (constrained by proportional SAS). Drag the Red point D to change the ratio in sizes. Observe the multitude of calculated output lengths and angles, and how they match the proportion value, proving similarity, regardless of the triangles' shapes/sizes.

Tags: Triangles, Similar, Ratios, Draggable, Outputs,

By Phil Todd
Polar Line
The locus of the intersections of the tangents at the end of chords of an ellipse which pass through a common point is a straight line. A bit of a mouthful, but play with the diagram and it will become clear.

Tags: locus, polar, ellipse, conic

By Phil Todd
Circle Equation
Try to match a circle defined by its equation with one defined by its center and a point on the circumference. Drag for a hint.

Tags: circle, equation

By Phil Todd
Inverted Trammel
Archimedes trammel draws an ellipse if you fix the base and move the handle. What happens if you fix the handle and move the base? Drag point D to find out. See the curve.

Tags: trammel, ellipse

By Duncan
If we look beyond the circumference, what path does a point attached to a rolling wheel take?

Tags: Cycloid, curve, locus

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